Starting an Organic Garden
The first item is to decide how you will define “organic.” The definition of organic has been bandied about in the labeling wars, but when referring to a garden, it’s really about pesticides and fertilizers more than anything else. An organic garden has no chemical from any source that would not be biodegradable or would be harmful to birds or wildlife. However, some “organic” gardens have synthetic substances, others do not. Decide for yourself and consider everything that goes into the garden.
Planning is crucial to a successful organic garden. You need to consider the layout of your plots. North-facing gardens in the southern hemisphere and south-facing gardens in the northern hemisphere are best. If your area is windy, you will need to find solutions for this, too. Fencing and wind barrier plantings are popular ways to block excessive wind.
Having water close by is just as important. Installing an irrigation system with a timer is an ideal way to go. It will make the difference between enjoying your garden and being a slave to it. If you are planting trees and shrubs, check what their mature size will be. Many shrubs and trees are difficult to move. Trees will grow and make shade, so don’t forget they do this. Sun-loving plants and flowers can’t thrive in the shade.